At Horizon Poodles health testing takes a very central role. We genetically test all breeding stock for Hips(OFA), Eyes(BOTH prcd and CERF), Patellas, LCP, and Heart. We do thyroid where clinics are provided. All testing is viewable at www.offa.org . A LOT of testing goes into our dogs before they are ever bred and, although nothing is a 100%, we do our best to reduce the risk of genetically inherited diseases.
Hips are radiographed at 1 year (preliminary) and 2 years(official) to check for hip dysplasia and sent to the Orthopedic Foundation of Animals (OFA) for evaluation. This radiograph also provides the radiologist the view needed to rule out a crippling hereditary degenerative joint disease called Leggs-Calf Perthes (LCP).
All poodles are prcd tested by DNA blood test, or are ‘A’ by parentage. Prcd(progressive rod-cone degeneration) is only ONE form of PRA( progressive retinal atrophy) that can afflict poodles. Again, this is only one form of PRA, so all poodles are also CERF’d yearly by a veterinary ophthalmologist for other various eye diseases including micropapilla, optic nerve hypoplasia, and other forms of PRA.
Patellas are examined by a veterinarian as puppies and then certified with OFA as adults. It is not unusual for a young puppy to have slightly loose (but not luxating) patellas until they build muscle mass, but by 1 year the ligaments should be tight. Knees are certified after 1 year of age.
As health clinics allow, all breeding stock is evaluated for heart issues by a board certified cardiologist throughout their lives. There are several things that can affect the heart and it is very important to keep teeth clean and regular dentals performed. Oral bacteria (tartar) can cause damage to all organs in the body, especially the heart.
As health clinics allow, breeding stock is evaluated for hypothyroidism. Although this disease is easily treated, we still try to breed it out of the line.